A family law lawyer can explain parentage testing as a form of genetic testing used to confirm the paternity of a child. A family law lawyer can advise you of the presumption of paternity that operates in the Family Law Act. In various sections of the Act, parentage will arise from circumstances such as:
- Marriage (s 69P)
- Cohabitation (s 69Q)
- Registration of birth (s 69R)
- A court finding (s 69S)
- A signed acknowledgement of paternity (s 69T); or
- Artificial conception (s 60H)
However, if the paternity of a child is in doubt then only when it presents as an issue to the Court will a parentage testing procedure be required. For example if there is rebuttable proof on the balance of probabilities then, as occurred in G v H, a father who refused to undergo a parentage test was subsequently issued with an order. Due to the personalised and invasive nature of a claim as such, a family law lawyer can advise that generally an order should not be made so that an alleged parent can satisfy personal doubts as to a child’s paternity.