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To Extend, or Not to Extend: That is the Question

By Darrin Mitchell, Senior Associate at Matthews Folbigg in the Insolvency, Restructuring and Debt Recovery Group

Part 5.7B of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth)(“the Act”) contains provisions that allow a liquidator to seek orders that void certain transactions undertaken by a company whilst it is insolvent, or that are not in the company’s interests. The kinds of transactions that will be investigated by a liquidator include:

  • Preferential payment – see section 588FA of the Act;
  • Uncommercial transactions – see section 588FB of the Act;
  • Insolvent transactions – see section 588FC of the Act;
  • Insolvent transactions – see section 588FD of the Act;
  • Unreasonable director-related transactions – see section 588FDA of the Act; and
  • Creditor-defeating dispositions – see section 588FDB of the Act.

The period of scrutiny of the company’s transactions prior to liquidation for each category of voidable transaction is set out in section 588FE of the Act.

Section 588FF(3) of the Act stipulates that a voidable transaction action by a liquidator must be commenced within:
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Debt Collection – Who Signed the Document?

By Darrin Mitchell, Senior Associate at Matthews Folbigg in the Insolvency, Restructuring and Debt Recovery Group

In the current age of technology, with capabilities to do just about anything, it seems redundant and “old fashioned” to be asked to execute a document by hand writing your signature on a sheet of paper! Because of this, debt collection can be a distinct (and difficult) exercise.

When opening a credit account, a supplier of goods and/or services will generally forward a Credit Application and a Deed of Guarantee to the customer. These documents are helpful in debt collection as they include information from the customer as to the customer’s financial viability, and security for the repayment of amounts owing should debt collection become necessary. In days gone by, these documents were to be completed by the customer physically writing on the forms as required, then posting these back to the credit provider, or perhaps giving the documents to a sales representative for the supplier.
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Debt Collection – Liquidated or Unliquidated Debt?

By Darrin Mitchell, Senior Associate at Matthews Folbigg in the Insolvency, Restructuring and Debt Recovery Group


Is your debt collection for a liquidated or an unliquidated amount? What is the difference?

In a debt collection action, the debt is often defined by the amount specified in tax invoices issued for the supply of goods or services. Debt collection for these types of debts involves a “liquidated” debt. This is because the debt which is the subject of the debt collection is ‘liquid’, in the sense of having a specific monetary value. There may be an ability to claim interest in debt collection proceedings for a liquidated debt, but again this will be a defined amount and calculated in accordance with the terms and conditions of the agreement between the parties.

Debt collection for an “unliquidated” debt is quite different. This is where there has been a claim which requires quantification, such as debt collection for loss claimed by a party, or damages suffered where the amount of loss or debt is not certain. Unliquidated debt collection will arise when the amount a person has lost cannot be simply defined and needs to be the subject of evidence and determination by the Court. Examples of debt collection for unliquidated debts might include motor vehicle accidents or defamation claims.
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