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Deed of Release prevented claim against Employer

Background

In a recent Federal Circuit Court decision, a college teacher who claimed she was suffering from a psychological disability attempted to render her Deed of Release – signed in 2007 – invalid. However, due to a lack of medical evidence her claim was unsuccessful.

The Facts

In essence:

  • The employer said it no longer trusted the college teacher to exercise her duties after various performance issues and a work-related incident.
  • The employer invited the college teacher to resign and sign a deed of release describing it as a ‘retirement’, or alternatively dispute the school’s decision.
  • The college teacher signed the deed in 2007.
  • The college teacher commenced a disability discrimination claim against the employer in March 2017. The employer disputed the claim and relied upon the Deed of Release.
  • The college teacher claimed that she had been suffering from an ‘incoherent state of mind’ at the time of signing the Deed, and submitted that it should not be enforceable
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Immediate review of discretionary trust deeds required in light of NSW duty and land tax changes

Article by Mimi Su, Senior Associate

Introduction
As a result of the 2016 NSW State Budget the NSW Government has introduced two measures aimed at foreign investors purchasing or holding NSW residential land.

Firstly, a surcharge duty of 4% has been effective from 21 June 2016 and will apply to acquisitions of NSW residential land by foreign persons.  This surcharge is payable in additional to any other stamp duty payable on the transaction.

Additionally there is a 0.75% surcharge land tax that applies to foreign persons who are owners of NSW residential land as at 31 December in each calendar year and to commence from the 2017 land tax year.

Specific issue that it creates for discretionary trusts
The definition of who constitutes a “foreign person” for the purposes of these new measures are quite wide and takes the definition in the Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 1975.

The test applicable to whether a trust will be a foreign person for the purposes of these measures is to determine whether any foreign beneficiary of the trust holds a ‘substantial interest’ in the trust.
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